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The Importance of Ancient Indian History. 2. The Construction of Ancient Indian History. Material Remains--Coins-Inscriptions-Literary Sources-- Foreign. यह book IAS,UPSC जैसी बढ़ी परीक्षाओं के लिए बहुत ही helpful book है आप इस book को download कर के अपने आगामी. General Knowledge (Marathi) Objective Q&A. मराठी सामान्यज्ञान - Marathi Gk Objective Q&A. इतिहास सामान्यज्ञान- Indian History GK.

Medieval and Deccan Sultanate period[ edit ] The 13th-century varkari saint Dnyaneshwar — wrote a treatise in Marathi on Bhagawat Gita popularly called Dnyaneshwari and Amritanubhava.


His contemporary, Namdev composed verses or abhang in Marathi as well as Hindi. Mukund Raj was a poet who lived in the 13th century and is said to be the first poet who composed in Marathi. His poetry contained his inspirations. Tukaram wrote over abhangs or devotional songs. Although the rulers were Muslims, the local feudal landlords and the revenue collectors were Hindus and so was the majority of the population.

Political expediency made it important for the sultans to make use of Marathi. Nevertheless, Marathi in official documents from the era is totally persianised in its vocabulary. Under Shivaji, the language used in administrative documents became less persianised. He advocated the unity of Marathas to propagate Maharashtra dharma. Subsequent Maratha rulers extended the empire northwards to Attock , eastwards to Odisha , and southwards to Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu.

These excursions by the Marathas helped to spread Marathi over broader geographical regions. This period also saw the use of Marathi in transactions involving land and other business. Documents from this period, therefore, give a better picture of the life of common people.

There are a lot of Bakharis written in Marathi and Modi script from this period. But by the late 18th century, the Maratha Empire's influence over a large part of the country was on the decline. Krishnadayarnava and Sridhar were poets during the Peshwa period. New literary forms were successfully experimented with during the period and classical styles were revived, especially the Mahakavya and Prabandha forms. The most important hagiographies of Varkari Bhakti saints was written by Mahipati in the 18th Century.

He is most known for translating the Mahabharata and the Ramayana in Marathi but only a part of the Mahabharata translation is available and the entire Ramayana translation is lost.

Shridhar Kulkarni came from the Pandharpur area and his works are said to have superseded the Sanskrit epics to a certain extent. This period also saw the development of Powada ballads sung in honor of warriors , and Lavani romantic songs presented with dance and instruments like tabla. Carey's dictionary had fewer entries and Marathi words were in Devanagari. Translations of the Bible were first books to be printed in Marathi.

These translations by William Carey, the American Marathi mission and the Scottish missionaries led to the development of a peculiar pidginized Marathi called the "Missionary Marathi in early s [42] The most comprehensive Marathi-English dictionary was compiled by Captain James Thomas Molesworth and Major Thomas Candy in The book is still in print nearly two centuries after its publication.

They used Brahmins of Pune for this task and adopted the Sanskrit dominated dialect spoken by the elite in the city as the standard dialect for Marathi. Join us now! Sir i am in BA ist sem and my sub is pol sci and history,now i am confusing in choiseing the additional sub for IAS so what i can do? Great information about history of India.

Your article is an evergreen compilation of data. Thanks a lot. For all parts of prachin bharat https: India also has a wide political as well as social history.

It is a very rich country in terms of history. There are arguments about Buddha. Some say Buddha was born in India. Great historian A. Bhasham says no buddha was born in India. How can I find the truth.

What is the history book I should download. Could you please help me. You should have to clear 12 the exam now.

2. Freedom at Midnight by Dominique Lapierre and Larry Collins

After 12th u have to choose any one subject prescribed by recognised university of India for B. Com Hns.

First of all u should have to download upsc IAS syllabus. After doing this u will be prepare for IAS by serially. Sir i did my graduation parallel to i. Good morning sir Thank you sir for this effort Sir I have a question, sir what is your motivation for doing this great work.

That adds a lot of responsibility too. Most of the team members of ClearIAS too. We love to make things simple. ClearIAS gives maximum space to creativity and innovation. Our focus is to create easy-to-learn study materials, saving valuable time of aspirants.

There is a 10th point as well — the conviction that what we have done so far is just nothing, but only a beginning. Sekhar Bandyopadhyay From Plassey to Partition. Barbara D Metcalf and T. Metcalf A Concise History of India,. An Illustrated History of Modern India -. Mushirul Hasan John Company to the Republic: A story of.

Gail Omvedt Dalits and Democratic Revolution. I am providing the names of 3 books that will deal you from ancient to mordern indian history. Now after going through all these books, you can just start practising competition exam papers and after remembering everything, just have a go at NCERT history books of 11th and 12th, you will master everything. Sign In. Which is the best book for Indian history?

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What is the best book on ancient, medieval, and modern Indian history? Which book is the best for Indian history for RAS? Which book is the most recommended for the history of modern India?

What are the best books on Indian History of s? Originally Answered: Which books can you read to know Indian history better?

Marxist School Marxist historians try to analyse historical events on the basis of marxist tools. Others You might like to read the books written from Subaltern and Hindutva perspectivd also. Connect to over APIs.

Test APIs directly in your browser. Discover, evaluate, and integrate with any API. What are the best books of Indian history? These books are for Ancient and Medieval Indian history 1. Agrawal, D. The Archaeology of India 2. Basham, A.

The Wonder That was India 3. Archaeology of Ancient Indian Cities 4. Jaiswal, Suvira Caste: Origin, Function and Dimensions 5. Subramanian, N. Sangam Polity 6. Thapar, Romila History of Early India 7. The Wonder That was India 9. Ancient India in Historical Outline edn. Culture and Civilization of Ancient India Monastery and Guild India in Historical Outline Sastri, K. A History of South India Sharma, R.

Thapar, Romila Ashoka and the Decline of the Mauryas edn Yazdani, G. Early History of Deccan Aspects of Political Ideas and Institutions in Ancient India edn. Making of Early Medieval India Religion and Society in Arab Sindh Life and Conditions of the People of Hindustan A Comprehensive History of India Vol.

Tapan Ray Chaudhary and Irfan Habib ed. A Political and Military History Influence of Islam on Indian Culture A History of Medieval India, 2 Volumes Percy Brown,: Islamic Architecture Madhya Kaleen Bharat, in Hindi , 8 Volumes, Mughal Nobility under Aurangzeb, The Economy of the Mughal Empire Some Aspects of Afghan Despotism Stewart Gordon,: Sekhar Bandyopadhyay From Plassey to Partition 3.

A story of Modern India 7. Dutt, India Today. Thomas Metcalf Ideologies of the Raj.

(Marathi) Ancient Indian History - Harappan Civilization, Vedic Civilization and Mauryan Period

Bipan Chandra: Nationalism and Colonialism. Urvashi Butalia The Other side of Silence. Thank you for your feedback! Quora User , Learner. Answered May 16, What are the best books for knew about Indian history? You will know everything about India. This book was written by J. Nehru while he was in jail.

Basham is worth reading for those who want understand origins of different civilisations in India. This book is comprehensive in its coverage of Indian history. It looks at every aspect of Indian society and culture. This book was written by the author after personally meeting the freedom fighters.

Quora User. What is one good book on Indian history? There is no ONE good book. Truth dances on a platform of shifting perceptions. This is true of any field. But when in comes to Indian History, the platform has been highly skewed, that truth is teetering on the edge. Colonialist and then the 'left' historians of Congressism have made such a mess of it. People like K. Shastri could not decipher inscriptions on his own, but his book is considered the authoritative one.

Aurangazeb would be a despot a decade back and a misunderstood person today.

So how trustworthy and objective would be books written by such a historian. RISA Lila - 1: Best is to read multiple and hope there is truth somewhere among the smoke. Most of Indian Historians, are just politicians whose constituency are the dead.

Kosambi, Rajiv Malhotra are some that come to mind. But as you can see the list is heavily loaded with leftist historians who have monopolised histories and humanities for the past decades. And true Sepoy successors of colonialist their history is often smear and polemic. Perhaps Vishal Kale might recommend the "one" book to rule them all. Answered Oct 28, Which is the best book to know the history of india?

Chronology of Indian history[ edit ] See also: This periodisation has been influential, but has also been criticised for the misconceptions it gave rise to.

Another influential periodisation is the division into "ancient, classical, medieval and modern periods", although this periodization has also been criticised. South Asian Stone Age Further information: Bhimbetka rock painting , Madhya Pradesh , India c. Isolated remains of Homo erectus in Hathnora in the Narmada Valley in central India indicate that India might have been inhabited since at least the Middle Pleistocene era, somewhere between , and , years ago.

The first confirmed semipermanent settlements appeared 9, years ago in the Bhimbetka rock shelters in modern Madhya Pradesh , India. The first urban civilisation of the region began with the Indus Valley Civilisation. Indus Valley Civilization https: It was centred on the Indus River and its tributaries which extended into the Ghaggar-Hakra River valley, [25] the Ganges-Yamuna Doab , [33] Gujarat , [34] and southeastern Afghanistan.

Historically part of Ancient India , it is one of the world's earliest urban civilisations, along with Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. The Mature Indus civilisation flourished from about to BCE, marking the beginning of urban civilisation on the subcontinent. The civilisation included urban centres such as Dholavira , Kalibangan , Ropar , Rakhigarhi , and Lothal in modern-day India, and Harappa , Ganeriwala , and Mohenjo-daro in modern-day Pakistan. The civilisation is noted for its cities built of brick, roadside drainage system, and multistoreyed houses and is thought to have had some kind of municipal organization.

However, the Indus Valley Civilisation did not disappear suddenly, and some elements of the Indus Civilization may have survived, especially in the smaller villages and isolated farms.

Vedic period ca. The Vedic culture is described in the texts of Vedas , still sacred to Hindus, which were orally composed in Vedic Sanskrit. The Vedas are some of the oldest extant texts in India. In terms of culture, many regions of the subcontinent transitioned from the Chalcolithic to the Iron Age in this period. A map of North India in the late Vedic period. Historians have analysed the Vedas to posit a Vedic culture in the Punjab region and the upper Gangetic Plain.

It became increasingly agricultural and was socially organised around the hierarchy of the four varnas , or social classes. This social structure was characterized both by syncretising with the native cultures of northern India, [52] but also eventually by the excluding of indigenous peoples by labelling their occupations impure. Sanskritization https: The swastika is a major element of Hindu iconography.

Since Vedic times, [55] [note 2] "people from many strata of society throughout the subcontinent tended to adapt their religious and social life to Brahmanic norms", a process sometimes called Sanskritization. Sanskrit Epics[ edit ] Main articles: Mahabharata and Ramayana In addition to the Vedas, the principal texts of Hinduism, the core themes of the Sanskrit epics Ramayana and Mahabharata are said to have their ultimate origins during this period.

For instance, the Mahabharata may have been based on a small-scale conflict possibly about BCE which was eventually "transformed into a gigantic epic war by bards and poets". There is no conclusive proof from archaeology as to whether the specific events of the Mahabharat have any historical basis. In the same period the first Upanishads were written. After BCE, the so-called "Second urbanization" started, with new urban settlements arising at the Ganges plain, especially the Central Ganges plain.

Mahajanapadas and Haryanka dynasty https: The Mahajanapadas were the sixteen most powerful kingdoms and republics of the era, located mainly across the fertile Indo-Gangetic plains , there were a number of smaller kingdoms stretching the length and breadth of Ancient India. In the later Vedic Age, a number of small kingdoms or city states had covered the subcontinent, many mentioned in Vedic, early Buddhist and Jaina literature as far back as BC.

This period saw the second major rise of urbanism in India after the Indus Valley Civilisation. Some of these kings were hereditary; other states elected their rulers.

Early "republics" such as the Vajji or Vriji confederation centered in the city of Vaishali , existed as early as the 6th century BC and persisted in some areas until the 4th century AD. The educated speech at that time was Sanskrit , while the languages of the general population of northern India are referred to as Prakrits.

These four were Vatsa, Avanti, Kosala, and Magadha. The Life of Gautam Budhha was mainly associated with these four kingdoms. Upanishads and Shramana movements[ edit ] Main articles: Gautama Buddha and Mahavira Further information: Nalanda is considered one of the first great universities in recorded history. It was the centre of Buddhist learning and research in the world from to AD. The 7th and 6th centuries BC witnessed the composition of the earliest Upanishads.

Anyone who worships a divinity other than the Self is called a domestic animal of the gods in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad.

The Mundaka launches the most scathing attack on the ritual by comparing those who value sacrifice with an unsafe boat that is endlessly overtaken by old age and death. Shramana gave rise to the concept of the cycle of birth and death, the concept of samsara , and the concept of liberation.

Rishabhdeo was the 1st Tirthankara. The Vedas are believed to have documented a few Tirthankaras and an ascetic order similar to the shramana movement. Magadha Magadha Sanskrit: The core of the kingdom was the area of Bihar south of the Ganges ; its first capital was Rajagriha modern Rajgir then Pataliputra modern Patna.

Magadha expanded to include most of Bihar and Bengal with the conquest of Licchavi and Anga respectively, [80] followed by much of eastern Uttar Pradesh and Orissa. The ancient kingdom of Magadha is heavily mentioned in Jain and Buddhist texts. It is also mentioned in the Ramayana , Mahabharata , Puranas.

Magadha Empire had great rulers like Bimbisara and Ajatshatru. The earliest reference to the Magadha people occurs in the Atharva-Veda where they are found listed along with the Angas , Gandharis , and Mujavats.

Magadha played an important role in the development of Jainism and Buddhism, and two of India's greatest empires, the Maurya Empire and Gupta Empire , originated from Magadha. These empires saw advancements in ancient India's science, mathematics, astronomy , religion, and philosophy and were considered the Indian " Golden Age ". The Magadha kingdom included republican communities such as the community of Rajakumara.

Villages had their own assemblies under their local chiefs called Gramakas. Their administrations were divided into executive, judicial, and military functions. Persian and Greek conquests[ edit ] See also: The area remained under Persian control for two centuries.

Persian coinage and rock inscriptions were adopted by India. His army, exhausted and frightened by the prospect of facing larger Indian armies at the Ganges River, mutinied at the Hyphasis modern Beas River and refused to march further East.

Alexander, after the meeting with his officer, Coenus , and learning about the might of Nanda Empire , was convinced that it was better to return.

The Persian and Greek invasions had important repercussions on Indian civilisation. The political systems of the Persians were to influence future forms of governance on the subcontinent, including the administration of the Mauryan dynasty. In addition, the region of Gandhara, or present-day eastern Afghanistan and northwest Pakistan, became a melting pot of Indian, Persian, Central Asian, and Greek cultures and gave rise to a hybrid culture, Greco-Buddhism , which lasted until the 5th century AD and influenced the artistic development of Mahayana Buddhism.

Maurya Empire — BC [ edit ] Main article: Maurya Empire Further information: Chandragupta Maurya , Bindusara and Ashoka the Great https: The Maurya Empire under Ashoka the Great. Ashokan pillar at Vaishali , 3rd century BCE. The Maurya Empire — BC was the first empire to unify India into one state, and was the largest on the Indian subcontinent. At its greatest extent, the Mauryan Empire stretched to the north up to the natural boundaries of the Himalayas and to the east into what is now Assam.

To the west, it reached beyond modern Pakistan, to the Hindu Kush mountains in what is now Afghanistan. By the time he died in c. However, the region of Kalinga around modern day Odisha remained outside Mauryan control, perhaps interfering with their trade with the south.

Marathi language

This filled Ashoka with remorse and lead him to shun violence, and subsequently to embrace Buddhism. The Mauryan Empire was based on a modern and efficient economy and society. However, the sale of merchandise was closely regulated by the government. A significant amount of written records on slavery are found, suggesting a prevalence thereof. It can be divided in various sub-periods, depending on the chosen periodisation.

The Gupta Empire 4th—6th century is regarded as the "Golden Age" of Hinduism, although a host of kingdoms ruled over India in these centuries.

Shunga Empire https: Ancient India during the rise of the Shunga and Satavahana empires.A Complete Study Material 1. This period marked vast social change in the subcontinent as the Hindu majority were ruled over by the Mughal emperors, most of whom showed religious tolerance, liberally patronising Hindu culture. They came of an Indo-European language speaking Central Asian tribe called the Yuezhi , [] [] a branch of which was known as the Kushans.

Which would be the best book on Indian economic history? The previous temple building traditions in South India came together in the Vijayanagara Architecture style.

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